What to do when Death Approaches
Death is inevitable and every Muslim should make it his duty to know what to do in such a circumstance.
Talqeen means to remind the Mutazar (one on whom the signs of death are clearly visible.
- Signs of a Muztazar (Person in Sakraat)
- The ear lobes sag.
- The nose will be bent.
- Breathing becomes short and fast.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Legs become weak & the person cannot move the legs.
Points to remember?
- Lay the person on their right side facing the Qibla. If the person is in such a condition that this cannot be done, then lay them on their back with his legs facing the Qibla and have the head raised.
- Smoke the room with loban.
- Those who are in an unclean state should leave the room and the room must be cleaned. If no-one is available then the closest relative should stay in the room.
- Remove all pictures in the room as the angels of mercy do not enter a room which has pictures.
- All who are present in the room should read the kalmia loudly. This is done to help the mutazar to read the Kalima
- Once the mutazar recites the Kalima, everybody should stop reading the Kalima and begin reading Sura Yaseen very softly to ease the pain of the dying person. If the mutazar begins to talk of any worldly things, begin to recite the Kalima loudly again. This is done so that the last worlds uttered by the dying person should be the Kalima.
- When the person passes away, close the eyes if open , with the shahadat finger and the thumb or the right hand while reading “Bismillahi Wa-ala Millati Rasoolallah (SAW)”
- Tie a piece of cloth round his head and chin to keep the mouth closed, remove false teeth, jewellery, hospital tags, plasters etc. Straighten the hands and legs and tie the toes together.
- Cover the body with a white sheet.
What Members of the Family have to do?
- Obtain a notice of death (form DHA-1663 A) and a medical certificate of cause of death (DHA-1663 B).
- Ensure the death notice has the left thumb print of the deceased as well as the informant thumb print.
- Obtain a burial order from the local authority
- Inform relatives and friends
- Prepare the grave
- Perform Ghusal and put on the Kaffan
- Arrange for the Janaza Salãh
- Arrange transport for the Janaza
- Cover the body with a white sheet
Acts compulsory to be performed for dead person
- To give bath to the corpse
- To shroud the body
- To perform Salãh
- To burry the body
These above-mentioned acts are Fardh Al-Kifaayah.
Who should perform Ghusal
- Males should perform ghusal on males and females should perform ghusal on females.
- The immediate family should have the first right to give ghusal.
- If immediate family is not available or capable then members from near relatives would be allowed.
- If none of the above is present then any capable person is allowed.
- Person performing ghusal should be in a state of wudhu.
Preparation for Ghusal
- Place body facing Qiblah
- Cover with satar from above navel to below knees. For females from shoulder to ankle.
- No hair, beard or nails should be cut or trimmed.
Giving the Ghusal
- Pour water over satar & massage stomach gently, at the same time raise the body to a sitting position to remove all impurities. Perform three times
- Using the left hand with a glove or tie a cloth, wash the private parts thrice with soap and water. Pour water each time you apply soap
- Place cotton wool in ear, nose and mouth to prevent water to enter, Wash face, head & beard with soap and water.
- Turn body to left side and wash right side from head to toe with soap and water, making sure water passes to the other side.
- Turn the body to the right side and do likewise.
- WUDU - Avoid water entering the mouth or nose, clean mouth three times with separate cotton wool used each time. Clean each nostril three times with rolled cotton wool using new cotton wool each time.
- Wash face three times
- Wash right hand thrice and then left hand thrice
- Make masah of the head
- Finally wash the right foot thrice & left foot thrice.
- GHUSAL - Lie the body on left side by placing your right hand under the neck &placing palm under the right shoulder. Tilt the body to the left so that the right part of the body is exposed for ghusal. Pour water over the right shoulder down to the toes three times
- Now lie the body on the right side by sliding your left hand under the neck & placing your palm on the left shoulder so that the left part of his body is exposed for ghusal. Pour water over the left shoulder down to the toes three times.
- Lie the body flat on its back & pour water thrice over the entire body from head to toes including private parts.
- Remove all cotton wool
- Ghusal is now complete
- Cover the body from shoulder to feet with a clean sheet, remove wet sheet & place body on the arranged kaffan
Method of shrouding
It is Sunnah to shroud a man’s corpse in three cloths and a woman’s body in five cloths;
Loin-clothes, headband, shirt and two sheets.
Obligatory acts in Janaza Salãh (Funeral Prayer)
- To make intention
- To say Takbeer four times
- To recite Suratul Faatihah
- To read Durood
- To make Dua for the deceased after the third Takbeer
- To perform the Salãh in standing position, if one can
- To make Salaam
Method of burial
Bury the corpse in a grave that can prevent odour from spreading around and protect the body from wild animals. It is Wajib-compulsory to bury the corpse in a manner that it is facing the direction of Qibla.
Filling the Qabr wth soil.
It is Mustahab to participate in filling the qabr with soil. All present should place at least three handful of soil into the grave reciting the following verses from the Qurãn.
- With the First handful recite “Minha Khalaqnaakum” (From it we created you)
- With the second handful receite: “Wa Feeha Nueedukum (And shall return you into it(earth))
- With the Third handful recite: “Waminha nukh-rijukum Taaratan Ukhra (“And from it We shall resurrect you once again”)
Sunnah method of burial
Put the corpse in a grave which is equal to the demised both in height and length.
Thereafter remove the shroud from the face and turn it towards Qibla placing the cheek on the ground. Then cover the grave with straw, mud, or plank. When the burial is complete, make Dua for the forgiveness of deceased.
Janaza Salãh for a premature child
If a child is born before completing six months of pregnancy, but cries when born or the child is born after 120 days of pregnancy and does not survive, the child should be buried through normal procedure; give Ghusal to the child, shroud the corpse and perform Salãh.
Here you will find a listing of almost all the Burial Socities in South Africa. Please select a region below or use the drop down menu above.
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